Common Reptile Illnesses and Health Conditions

Many of the ailments people encounter, such as cancer, gastrointestinal problems, and renal failure, also affect animals. Metabolic bone disease is a prevalent condition in herptiles. It is critical to provide them with the vitamins and minerals required to support bone formation and maintain healthy calcium and phosphorus intake.

Each species has its unique set of health quirks. Changes in skin tone can be natural in some herptiles, but they can also signify sickness in others. Tou should get familiar with the conditions that apply to your selected pet.

Not all illnesses and disorders in reptiles may be avoided. It may be simpler to identify poor health indicators if you extensively investigate your reptile species and learn what is normal for them.

Reptilian Illnesses and Health Conditions

Reptiles may be beautiful pets, but they can be challenging to care for if you don’t do your homework first. Owners of bearded dragons, lizards, snakes, and other exotic pets should consider these prevalent health issues and reptile diseases.

Metabolic Bone Disorder

This frequent reptile ailment is caused by a lack of proper care, insufficient UV illumination, insufficient vitamin D, and food that is not appropriate for their development. Lizards and tortoises are particularly vulnerable since they require calcium supplements as well.

Proper UV illumination and a timing mechanism in reptiles can help avoid metabolic bone disease. You can acquire a UV heat lamp with a thermostat to make sure your pet gets the correct amount of light and heat. Researching the proper nutrition for your reptile species and any supplements or specific care they require can also be beneficial.


Mites are the most frequent external parasite that infects reptiles and dwell on the skin’s surface. They can be seen as red or black spots around the eyes and ears and skin folds around the joints. Reptile mites cause tension and skin irritation, and they’re hard to get rid of.

Fungal Diseases

Reptiles and amphibians require an external source of heat and a basking place where they may relax while warming. However, germs can thrive in this environment. Check your reptile for indications of fungal infections and poor health regularly; if their skin gets wet, weak, or damaged, use an anti-fungal spray explicitly made for reptiles.

Mouth Rot

The sign of this condition is red, irritated gums and mouth. A bacterial infection in your pet’s mouth causes it.

The cause of this sickness is a filthy pet habitat or a too humid environment. If your reptile has mouth rot, bring it to your veterinarian for treatment. Look up “Veterinary Dentistry” to get additional information about your pet’s oral health.


Skin that is not shed correctly causes this condition. The old skin destroys the new skin and leaves red, diseased areas behind. If you have a shedding pet, make sure they have ample room to shed old skin. 

If your pet has dysecdysis, you can cure it by soaking it in warm water and carefully peeling off the old skin. Consult a reptile medical expert before attempting to care for your reptile’s skin on your own. Some vets are offering Cold Laser Therapy services.

Respiratory Infection

A regular cold can be dangerous to a reptile. Because therapy for reptiles can be challenging, they require the right environment to help avoid colds.

Make an appointment with a veterinarian if your reptile is coughing, wheezing, or has watery eyes. It is quite risky for your pet if the cold develops into a respiratory infection. Look up “Avian & Exotic Pets vet” for the best results.